These comments provide great insight into the type of mental conditioning that is so pervasive and so counterproductive to success and excellence. Many people incorrectly assume that performance, success and excellence are primarily a result or function of talent (by definition, a seemingly fixed asset). Thus, their wish is that they had been annointed somehow with the talent for that activity, sport, etc. Alas, they weren't lucky when talent was handed out. But, what's luck got to do with it?
What they do not realize is that those so-called talented people were also simply highly invested in learning to do the activity. Ultimately, each of those individuals spent an incredible amount of time mastering the steps involved in the achieving the result that you see: the performance.
Dweck's work has had major implications for coaching and peak performance. The way we talk about performance to others and ourselves, she says, tends to foster one mind-set or the other. "You're so talented," is praise from someone with a fixed mind-set and might make developing athletes, performers, and students begin to fear their performances. This type of "feedback" is such that any failure, setback, or less than optimal performances that could suggest they aren't so good. not so talented. This dynamic sets up the development of anxiety and aversion of the activity itself.
People with a fixed mind-set are constantly judging their underlying talent, Dweck says, and think others are judging them, too. "The growth mind-set is not about universal judgment," Dweck says.